Health

Healthcare has always been a crucial thing to look after, either for a kid,  adult, or any old person, irrespective of their gender. But since the vast majority of the technology that took over the entire world in the span of the last ten years has now been benefited most of the world as they look for opportunities in the sector of health and medicine. The major one we call is Online Healthcare. It involves the sharing or delivery of medical information and education to patients using learning management systems delivered through the Internet. 

Furthermore, 1 in 4 people with an illness has gone online to find other people who share similar experiences. Health professionals use online patient education to prepare patients for medical procedures,  administer intake, and informed consent paperwork, educate patients about health conditions, provide information about preventive care, encourage healthy behavior and lifestyle changes. 

Online patient education is gaining popularity as home Internet access becomes more common and medical practices increasingly utilize digital technologies. Patients either view online patient education programs and materials in a medical office or from their homes or other remote locations with Internet access. 

mHealthcare 

mHealthcare is an abbreviation for Mobile Health, a term used for the practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile devices. This term is simply in reference to the technological gadgets and devices that keep track of a person’s health including mobile phones, tablet computers, and personal digital assistants, and wearable devices such as smartwatches, health services, information, and data collection.

mHealth techniques mark the involvement of mobile phones and other devices to keep the track record and collection of the practitioner’s clinical health data, delivery/sharing of healthcare information for practitioners,  researchers, and patients, real-time monitoring of patient vital signs, the direct provision of care as well as direct collaboration of health workers. 

According to analytic research, around 2.8 million patients worldwide were using a home monitoring service based on equipment with integrated connectivity at the end of 2012. However, this figure does not include the list of patients that are being monitored by the use of either mobile phones or share a PC connection. It only includes records of those who rely on monitors with integrated connectivity or systems that use monitoring hubs with integrated cellular or fixed-line modems. 

It has also shown that the number of home monitoring systems with integrated communication capabilities has grown at a Compound Annual  Growth Rate (CAGR) of 26.9 percent between 2011 and 2017 reaching 9.4  million connections globally by the end of the decade. 

The number of these devices that have integrated cellular connectivity increased from 0.73 million in 2011 to about 1.03 million in 2012 and to grow at a CAGR of 46.3 percent to 7.10 million in 2017. 

The 2009 UN Foundation report presents seven application categories  within the mHealth field, 

  • Education and awareness
  • Helpline
  • Diagnostic and treatment support
  • Communication and training for healthcare workers
  • Disease and epidemic outbreak tracking
  • Remote monitoring
  • Remote data collection

Telemedicine 

Telemedicine is sometimes used as a synonym or is used in a more limited sense to describe remote clinical services, such as diagnosis and monitoring. 

There are 3 common types of telemedicine, which includes, 

  • Interactive Medicine – which allows patients and physicians to communicate in real-time while maintaining HIPAA compliance.
  • Store and Forward – which permits providers to share patient information with a practitioner in another location. 
  • Remote Patient Monitoring – which allows remote caregivers to monitor patients that reside at home by using mobile medical devices to collect data. 

Here are a few of the situations in which telemedicine can be a great  alternative to the traditional health care system: 

  • Diagnosis of common medical problems such as headache, sore throat, back pain, digestive troubles. 
  • Inquiries about various medical issues for home treatments.
  • Post-treatment check-ins or follow up for chronic care.
  • Faster refill of short-term medical prescriptions. 
  • Holidays, weekends, late-night, or any other situation when regular medical care is not possible. 
  • Patient’s inability to leave the house due to sickness or bad weather conditions. 

Telehealth vs Telemedicine 

The Health Resources and Services Administration distinguishes telehealth from telemedicine in its scope, defining telemedicine only as describing remote clinical services, such as diagnosis and monitoring, while telehealth includes preventative, promotive, and curative care delivery.[1] This includes the above-mentioned non-clinical applications, like administration and provider education.

The United States Department of Health and Human Services states that  the term telehealth includes “non-clinical services, such as provider  training, administrative meetings, and continuing medical education”, and  that the term telemedicine means “remote clinical services” 

The World Health Organization uses telemedicine to describe all aspects of health care including preventive care. The American Telemedicine  Association uses the terms telemedicine and telehealth interchangeably,  although it acknowledges that telehealth is sometimes used more broadly for remote health not involving active clinical treatments. 

Telemedicine can be beneficial to patients in isolated communities and remote regions, who can receive care from doctors or specialists far away without the patient having to travel to visit them. Recent developments in mobile collaboration technology can allow healthcare professionals in multiple locations to share information and discuss patient issues as if they were in the same place. Remote patient monitoring through mobile technology can reduce the need for outpatient visits and enable remote prescription verification and drug administration oversight, potentially significantly reducing the overall cost of medical care. 

Conclusion 

In conclusion, the use of mobile phone technology (in combination with a monitored web-based interface) in health care results in an increase in convenience and efficiency of data collection, transfer, storage, and analysis management of data as compared with paper-based systems. 

Formal studies and preliminary project assessments demonstrate this improvement of efficiency of healthcare delivery by mobile technology. The advancement of telemedicine and mHealth has made tremendous growth in the sector of healthcare as being monitored from time to time on a regular basis makes patients comfortable and relaxed.

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